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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

CHAPTER XXVII.
AUSTRIA-HUNGAKY.
This chapter was reviewed by the late Ernest Bertrand who was general manager at Kladno and by the late Carl Sjogren, who was engineer at Donawitz.
SECTION- XXVIIa.—General View:
The steel production of Austria demands attention on account of the energetic way in which improvements have been made in recent years, and because her metallurgists have always been progressive. As far back as November, 1863, acid Bessemer steel was made at Turrach, in Styria, and this was followed in the next year by Feu-berg, and by eight others soon afterwards. The Thomas Gilchrist basic Bessemer process was ushered into the world in 1878 and only one year later the first charge was made at Kladno, in Bohemia. In "the same year both T'eplitz and Witkowitz adopted the practice.
The steel industry of Austria exists in three districts shown in Fig. XXVII-A: Moravia and Silesia in the north and east; BO-TABLE XXVII-A.
Approximate Annual  Output of Fuel, Ore, Iron and Steel in Austria-Hungary; tons.
Province.	Bituminous Coal.	Lignite.	lOre.	Pig Iron.	Steel.
	3,600,000	18,260,000	680,000	260,000	210000
Styria ....... ....................		2,590,000	1,210,000	300,000	250,000
	1,480,000	190,000	10,000	260,000	
	4,700,000			60,000	j- 235,000
G-allicia .............. ........... Hungary . .......................	1,170,000 1,240,000	80,000 4.290.000	' 'i,57b,6bo '	430 bob' '	'350 bob'
Other provinces ................	40,000	1 000000	70000	sbooo	90000
					
Total ........................	12,230,000	26 410,000	3540000	1 360 000	1 135000
					
hernia in the northwest, and Styria and Carinthia in the southwest. Not one possesses all the essentials for cheap production, for Bohemia and Styria have no coke, and Moravia no ore. Moreover, the
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